African Diaspora Foundation

African Continent

North Africa | Population (2020) - 246,232,518

Algeria

Population: 43.85 million

Leader: President Abdelmadjid Tebboune

Capital city: Algiers

Independence: July 5, 1962 (France)

Official language: Arabic

Interesting fact: Algeria has the highest cost of living in North Africa, Also, has the biggest country. Algeria occupies around 7% of the continent’s territory. 

Morocco

Population: 36.91 million

Leader: King Mohammed VI

Capital city: Rabat

Independence: March 2, 1956

Official language: Arabic

Interesting fact: Morocco is the largest processor and exporter of sardines in the world, Colorful Morocco is in the first place among the most popular travel spots in Africa. 

Tunisia

Population: 11.818 million

Leader: President Kais Saied

Capital city: Tunis

Independence: March 20,1956 (France)

Official language: Arabic

Interesting fact: Tunisia boasts a total of 8 UNESCO World heritage sites including a 6,000 year old amphitheatral 

Mauritania

Population: 4.649 million

Leader: President Mohamed Ould

Capital city: Noukchott

Independence: November 28, 1960(France)

Official language: French

Interesting fact: Two third of Mauritania is covered by desert which expands southwards every year 

Libya

Population: 6.87 million

Leader: Prime minister Fayez Al-Sarraj

Capital city: Tripoli 

Independence: December 24, 1951 (Italy)

Official language: Arabic

Interesting fact: Total land of Libya is 7 times larger than the UK

Egypt

Population: 102.33 million

Leader: President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi

Capital city: Cairo

Independence: JFebruary 28, 1922 (UK)

Official language: Egyptian Arabic

Interesting fact: Unwrapped, the bandages of an Ancient Egyptian mummy could stretch for 1.6km

Central Africa Population (2020) - 179,595,134

Cameron

Population: 26.54 million

Leader: President Paul Biya

Capital city: Yaoundé (France)

Independence: January 1 ,1960

Official language:  French English

Interesting fact: The unemployment rate in Cameroon stands at just 4%

Equatorial Guinea

Population: 1.4 million

Leader: President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo

Capital city: Malabo

Independence: October 12, 1968 (Spain)

Official language: Spanish, French

Interesting fact: Smallest African country that is a member of the united nations

Gabon

Population: 2.25 million

Leader: President Ali Bongo Ondimba

Capital city: Libreville

Independence: August 17, 1960 (France)

Official language: French

Interesting fact: Minimum age to vote in Gabon is 21

Sao Tome and Principe

Population: 4.649 million

Leader: President Mohamed Ould

Capital city: Noukchott

Independence: November 28, 1960(France)

Official language: French

Interesting fact: there are around 6 banks in the country

Democratic republic of
congo

Population: 89.56 million

Leader: President Félix Tshisekedi

Capital city: Kinhasa

Independence: June 30th ,1960 (France)

Official language: French

Interesting fact: One of the richest countries of the world

Republic of the Congo

Population: 5.5 million

Leader: President Denis Sassou Nguesso

Capital city: Brazzaville

Independence: August 15, 1960 (France)

Official language: French, Lingala, Monokutuba

Interesting fact: There are several species of wildlife endemic to Congo including the Bonobo, the closest relative to humans